Tier 1: Everyday words ( Car, oatmeal, school, lunch)
Tier 2: Vocabulary used by mature language users across several content areas. Because of their lack of redundancy in oral language, Tier 2 words present challenges to students who primarily meet them in print ( bicker, defiant, peddler)
Tier 3 words: Words that are not frequently used except in specific content areas or domains. ( isotopes, stegosaurus, Revolutionary War)
As Tier 2 words are used in multiple contexts however usually only in print material it is crucial that direct instruction occur for these. Multiple exposures in multiple contexts are crucial for learning vocabulary. Understanding tier two vocabulary will increase comprehension across multiple academic tasks
Robert Marzano has 6 steps to better vocabulary instruction. Marzano 6 step vocabulary.
Rhode Island Department of Education has developed a module that will assist you in understanding the vocabulary tiers.
Finally here is some information from Beck, McKowen and Kucan that also includes the supports that you need to have in place for ELLs. which_words_to_teach
How do you feel about your ability to choose tier two words?
How are you incorporating tier two words in your classroom?